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Monday, January 21, 2013

Paragraph: Poverty and Malnutrition

Poverty and malnutrition are two of the major problems of Bangladesh. Fundamentally, poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to; not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living, not having access to credit. Malnutrition has long been recognized as a consequence of poverty.  Those living in poverty suffer disproportionately from hunger or even starvation and disease. Those living in poverty suffer lower life expectancy. It is widely accepted that higher rates of malnutrition will be found in areas with chronic widespread poverty. Malnutrition is the result of marginal dietary intake compounded by infection. In turn, marginal dietary intake is caused by household food insecurity, lack of clean water, lack of knowledge on good sanitation, and lack of alternative sources of income. As literacy rate in our country is very low so the people do not understand the bad effects of malnutrition. Poverty and malnutrition can only be stopped if only the people are cautious. Various poverty reduction strategies are broadly categorized here based on whether they make more of the basic human needs available or increase the disposable income needed to purchase those needs. Some basic needs, such as improving access to education, may also help increase income. One of the main causes for poverty and malnutrition is over-population. The population is increasing rapidly but the resources are not enough to cope up with it. So overpopulation should be stooped. To stop poverty and malnutrition government should take necessary steps against it.

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